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John F Bolt Jr
Victories : 6
John Bolt is one of only seven American aces to shoot down 5 or more enemy aircraft in both WWII and Korea. He was also the only Marine Corps ace in Korea. Commissioned in 1942, he joined VMF-214 in 1943. Flying the F4U Corsair, John Bolt downed six Zekes in just 90 days from September to December 1943 to become and ace. He also saw action in the last few weeks of the war with VMF-472. Returning to combat duty in the Korean War he served a tour with the Marines before flying a tour with the Air Force where he shot down six Mig15s. John F Bolt passed away on 8th December 2004.
Click here for artwork signed by this Ace!
John F Bolt Jr
|Squadrons for : John F Bolt Jr|
|A list of all squadrons known to have been served with by John F Bolt Jr. A profile page is available by clicking the squadron name.|
Country : US
(AVG) Financially backed by China to defend against Japanese attack, prior to American entering the war. Pilots awarded $500 bounty for each aircraft destroyed.
Click the name above to see prints featuring aircraft of VMF-214
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|Aircraft for : John F Bolt Jr|
|A list of all aircraft associated with John F Bolt Jr. A profile page including a list of all art prints for the aircraft is available by clicking the aircraft name.|
Manufacturer : Chance-Vought
Production Began : 1940
Number Built : 12000
The Chance-Vought F4U Corsair was arguably the finest naval aviation fighter of its era. Work on this design dates to 1938 and was headed-up by Voughts Chief Engineer, Rex Biesel. The initial prototype was powered by an 1800-HP Pratt & Whitney double Wasp radial engine. This was the third Vought aircraft to carry the Corsair name. The graceful and highly recognizable gull-wing design of the F4U permitted the aircraft to utilize a 13-foot, three-blade, Hamilton Standard propeller, while not having to lengthen the landing gear. Because of the rigors of carrier landings, this was a very important design consideration. Folding wings were also required for carrier operations. The F4U was thirty feet long, had a wingspan of 41 feet and an empty weight of approximately 7,500 pounds. Another interesting feature was the way the F4Us gear rotated 90 degrees, so it would lay flush within the wing when in the up position. In 1939 the Navy approved the design, and production commenced. The Corsair utilized a new spot welding process on its all aluminum fuselage, giving the aircraft very low drag. To reduce weight, fabric-covered outer wing sections and control surfaces were fitted. In May of 1940 the F4U made its maiden flight. Although a number of small bugs were discovered during early flight tests, the Corsair had exceptional performance characteristics. In October of 1940 the prototype F4U was clocked at 405-MPH in a speed test. The initial production Corsairs received an upgraded 2,000-HP radial giving the bird a top speed of about 425-MPH. The production models also differed from the prototype in having six, wing-mounted, 0.5 caliber machine guns. Another change was a shift of the cockpit about three feet further back in the fuselage. This latter change unfortunately made naval aviators wary of carrier landings with the F4U, due to its limited forward visibility during landings. Other concerns were expressed regarding a severe port wing drop at landing speeds and a tendency of the aircraft to bounce off a carrier deck. As a result, the F4U was initially limited to land-based USMC squadrons. Vought addressed several of these problems, and the Royal Navy deserves credit for perfecting an appropriate landing strategy for the F4U. They found that if the carrier pilot landed the F4U while making a sweeping left turn with the port wing down, that sufficient visibility was available to make a safe landing. With a kill ratio of 11 -to- 1 in WW 11 combat, the F4U proved superior in the air to almost every opposing aircraft it encountered. More than 12,000 F4Us were built and fortunately a few dozen remain in flyable condition to this date.
The New Knights by David Pentland. (P)
Enemy Approaching by David Pentland. (P)
Channel Sweep by Richard Taylor.
Duxford 1940 by Simon Atack.
A Pickle for Pickering by Brian Bateman. (P)
Defence of the Capital by Gerald Coulson. (B)
Spitfires by Graeme Lothian. (P)
Tribute to Flying Officer Count Manfred Beckett Czernin by Ivan Berryman.
|Battle of Britain History Timeline : 24th July|
|24||July||1940||At 0730 hours No.92 Squadron shot down a Ju88 as it approached Portcawl and bombed shipping|
|24||July||1940||At 1727 hours, three enemy aircraft bombed ships off Dover. No.74 Squadron report that one Do215 was shot down off Manston. This was not confirmed|
|24||July||1940||British Battle of Britain pilot, F/O J. L. Allen of 54 Squadron, was Killed.|
|24||July||1940||British Battle of Britain pilot, P/O A. M. Cooper-Key of 46 Squadron, was Killed.|
|24||July||1940||British Battle of Britain pilot, P/O J. R. DFC Hamar of 151 Squadron, was Killed.|
|24||July||1940||During attacks on shipping, one Do215 was shot down.|
|24||July||1940||Feldwebel Karl Straub of JG 26 shot down a Spitfire|
|24||July||1940||German aircraft from Calais approached and attacked two convoys off the North Foreland and the Downs. The enemy aircraft sunk two trawlers and damaged two more. An aerial battle ensued between fifty enemy aircraft against thirty-six RAF fighters from three squadrons. Up to 10 German aircraft shot down unconfirmed with the loss of two spitfires|
|24||July||1940||Major Adolf Galland of JG 26 shot down a Spitfire|
|24||July||1940||Number of aircraft available for service on this day was 603 with 294 Hurricanes, 238 Spitfires, 56 Blenheims, amd 15 Defiants|
|24||July||1940||Number of aircraft available for service on this day was 659, 331 Hurricanes, 237 Spitfires, 67 Blenheims, amd 20 Defiants|
|24||July||1940||Spitfire N3041 Mk.Ia - Crashed into sea on convoy patrol.|
|24||July||1940||Spitfire N3192 Mk.Ia - Ran out of fuel chasing an Me109 and crash landed at Sizewell. Sgt Collett injured.|
|24||July||1940||Spitfire R6710 Mk.Ia - Damaged by Me109.|
|24||July||1940||Spitfire R6812 Mk.Ia - Damaged by Bf109 over Margate. Stalled on approach to Manston and crashed near Old Charles Inn. P/O Allen killed.|
|24||July||1940||Spitfire of No.66 Squadron came down in the sea 30 miles north-east of Cromerwhile on patrol, but the pilot was rescued.|
|24||July||1940||Unteroffizier Edmund Rossmann of JG 52 shot down a Spitfire|
|24||July||1940||Unteroffizier Josef Zwernemann of JG 52 shot down a Spitfire|
|24||July||1940||Wing Commander Roland Beamont of No.87 Sqn RAF shot down a Ju88|
|Battle of Britain Timeline of Related Info : 24th July|
|24||July||1941||Former British Battle of Britain pilot, P/O E. S. Marrs of 152 Squadron, was Killed.|
|24||July||1941||Former British Battle of Britain pilot, Sgt. A. E. Owen of 600 Squadron, was Killed.|
|24||July||1941||Former British Battle of Britain pilot, Sgt. J. S. Bucknole of 54 Squadron, was Killed.|
|24||July||1942||Former British Battle of Britain pilot, Sgt. F. S. Day of 248 Squadron, was Killed.|
|24||July||1944||Former New Zealand Battle of Britain pilot, F/O P. W. Rabone of 145 Squadron, was Killed.|
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